Situation

children on a street in kosovo

The Dayton Agreement in 1995 signified Milosevic’s recognition as a guarantor of peace, leading to great disappointment on the side of the Kosovo-Albanians. The UÇK was formed, and attacks against Serb civilians and the police occurred. After the EU’s official recognition of the YugoslavState in 1996, the UN passed a resolution, requesting that the Belgrade government put an end to the violation of the human rights. Conflicts between the ethnic groups grew increasingly intense. By 1999, the numbers of Albanians fleeing the Yugoslav region multiplied. After the failed negotiations of Rambouillet on March 24 1999, and arguing the obligation to prevent a humanitarian catastrophe, the NATO began to bomb strategic targets in Yugoslavia. As a result of the Kosovo War, the country was occupied by international troupes and a UN-protectorate was established. During the war, refugee numbers once more soared. However, in March 2004, violent attacks, predominantly against Serbs and their places of worship occurred, but also against Roma and Ashkali. On 17 February 2008, the parliament in the capital city Pristina proclaimed the independence of its territory from Serbia. The declaration of a KosovoRepublic triggered riots on the side of the Serbs in the northern regions, which were quelled by KFOR troupes. The legal status of the country remains a subject of international dispute to this day.